Two years ago, we told you about one of the world’s first 3D printed, functionally integrated building faÃ§ade elements. The concept of a 3D printed translucent faÃ§ade was developed by a team of researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), led by Moritz Mungenast, co-founder of 3F Studio and a research fellow at the university’s Associate Professorship of Architectural Design and Building Envelope. Now the idea is being taken to the next level – the Deutsches Museum in Munich will soon undergo its largest renovation by adding one of these 3D printed faÃ§ade envelopes to the face of the building.
The team obviously planned and designed their faÃ§ade concept, called fluid morphology, so that it would appear very fluid, but interestingly enough used a very deliberately designed wave structure. The multifunctional elements of the translucent faÃ§ade were designed for digital fabrication, so that building designers could have total freedom in making these integrated faÃ§ade elements. Not only do these architectural features look beautiful, but they’re functional as well, offering the interior of a building insulation, shade, and ventilation.
“but how much light really penetrates the new, printed facade elements, and where? how resistant are they to UV radiation and the stress of wind, rain and snow? how efficiently do they insulate? long-term measurement of a complete facade element in the solar station, a testing installation on the main building of the TUM in munich's arcisstraÃŸe, is to provide the answers to these questions,” the design team stated. “over a period of one year, sensors will collect data used to improve the design before creating further prototypes made of polycarbonate, a material certified for use in facades.”
Now that this testing period has been completed, the team’s 3D printed faÃ§ade concept can go out into the real world. The complete faÃ§ade for the museum will be divided into square meter panels weighing about 10 to 15 kg each. Within its six to eight cm material thickness, air-filled cavities will offer optimum insulation and structural integrity to the building, while bulges and the previously mentioned textural waves create shadows for shade. Thin, integrated tubes inside the 3D printed faÃ§ade will make it possible for air to circulate from one side of the element to the other for optimal ventilation.
All of these functions are adaptable, so that they can accommodate any building requirements, and also operate across any scale. Additionally, only minimal post-processing will be required, so the 3D printed faÃ§ade elements can be directly installed, and because no support structures are needed, the team also saves on material.
The 45 x 15 meter faÃ§ade, which will be 3D printed out of PETG material and weigh approximately 8,000-12,000 kg, is scheduled to envelop the museum’s new entrance by October of 2020. The museum is also undergoing a larger renovation, which will be led by Schmidt-Schicketanz und partner (SSP).
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